Mbuji Mayi (formerly Bakwanga) is the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the second largest city in the country. It is located in Kasai Oriental, which was once part of the Grand Kasais and now houses a population of about 2.5 million people. The city is remote and has little access to the surrounding provinces of Kinshasa, Kivu, Bangui and Kibale. Lubumbashi is fighting for this status, but is the third largest city in the country after Kigali (1.3 million) and Gueckedou (0.6 million), although the exact number of inhabitants is not known.
The urban area of Mbuji Mayi is bounded by the three rivers that form the natural boundary of the city, the Kivu, Kibale and Gueckedou.
In 1950, the population of the Mbuji Mayi area was estimated at 1.5 million people and an area of 2,000 square kilometers, covering a total of 6,800 square kilometers. The area around M BujiMayi is home to the largest gold mine in the world and the largest diamond mine in Africa. In 1963, the MIBA, its base, produced over 1 million carats of gold, silver and platinum. From 2002 to 2006 it produced over 2.2 million carats, or about 1,200 carats per year, but operational difficulties have reduced its production to around 500,000 carats per year.
There are also rumours in Congo that the company's money is regularly embezzled, but this is just speculation. A recent report by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank shows that Bakwanga Mining has collapsed due to an estimated social debt of over 150 million US dollars.
Zimbabwean and Chadian troops occupied Mbuji Mayi as they poured into the country to support Kabila as the first Congo war began to grow. The celebrations were short-lived, however, when they took control of the city and Kalonji was arrested in December 1961. In October 1962, he was captured again when ANC troops recaptured Bakwanga, effectively ending the region's independence. The celebration was short-lived, however, when they took control of the city on 31 October 1962 and arrested Kal on his way to the capital Kinshasa. Unfortunately, they were long - alive - and he was arrested on his way back to Kivu, Zambia, on 21 December 1961 and again on 1 November 1963.
Kalonji's forced departure saw Gecamines - vital to the centre of Katanga - go bankrupt as the political crisis deepened after the democratic process was launched in 1990 and the war of rebellion set the country on fire.
The cessation of activity had a devastating effect on the all-powerful mining company, which was the economic lung of the city itself. The investment in miba's position as the largest employer has been absorbed by a new generation of entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs.
In August 1960 Albert Kalonji organized the secession of South Kasai and declared himself King and Emperor of Mulopwe in 1962. Mbuji Mayi was integrated into the Kasai Oriental, while most of the former state fell under the Kasuai Occidental. The Bakwanga was renamed M BujiMayi, after the local river, which symbolizes Luba's inter-ethnic reconciliation.
The name Mbuji Mayi comes from the local language Tshiluba and means "water goat," because the river of the same name crosses the city. The name derives from its proximity to the Bakwanga River, which makes it a prime water location, as well as its altitude.
In Mbuji Mayi winters are long, warm, oppressive, wet and overcast; summers are short, hot and partly cloudy; the coldest day of the year is June 27 with an average low of 62 AdegF and a maximum of 88 AdegaF. The longest day is 21 December, with 12 hours and 29 minutes of daylight; it is the shortest day until 2020. In M BujiMayi, the summer is short and hot and partly cloudy; the winter long and warm and oppressive; oppressive and wet; and the winter cold and rainy.
The clear part of the year in Mbuji Mayi starts on May 23rd and lasts 3-6 months, until September 10th. Although temperatures can fall at night, muggy days are usually followed by muggy nights and dew points change more slowly, although temperatures typically vary significantly from night to day. The length of the day InM BujiMayi varies considerably, but remains between 28 minutes and 12 hours.
The temperatures in Mbuji Mayi are sufficiently warm all year round - round that it is not entirely sensible to discuss the growing season in these terms. Based on this value, the best time of year to visit M BujiMayi in terms of temperature and dew point is early June or late July.
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mbuji Mayi are determined by the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (UNWMO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Given these comparisons, there is no direct correlation between temperature and dew point in M BujiMayi and other parts of the country.